Colon & Rectum
Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of death from cancer in the United States. Early diagnosis of this disease greatly increases the chances for a cure or prolonged survival. The 5 year survival for patients with early colorectal cancer is 90%. Once the disease has spread to distant sites the 5 year survival rate is only 8 %. The American College of Gastroenterology and the American Cancer Society recommend screening by colonoscopy starting at age 50 in an average risk person in order to detect colon polyps or colon cancer at an early stage. Up to 80% of colon cancer deaths are preventable by current screening methods. In order to make recommendations for individual patients, we must first define the patient’s risk for colorectal cancer.